All-Male Squads More Combat-Effective than Mixed-Gender Teams According to Marine Corps Study

By: DiversityWorking Press
Date Posted: September 11, 2015
News Source: Quartz

All-male squads are more combat-effective than mixed-gender teams, according to a study conducted by the Marine Corps "to understand the impact of gender integration on its combat forces."

The study was in the form of an experiment called the Ground Combat Element Integrated Task Force, and conducted over a span of one year. 400 Marines with 100 of them females trained together for combat, "then undertook a simulated deployment, with every facet of their experience measured and scrutinized," an article on Quartz reported.

The study is an "unprecedented research effort" by the Marine Coprs in response to the U.S. Military's lifting of the ban on women serving in combat. According to the Quartz report, the Marine Corps is using this experiment to decide whether to request exceptions to that mandate. The Corps’ summary of the experiment, posted online today by NPR, concludes that combat teams were less effective when they included women.

Based on the experiment, all-male teams and crews outperformed mixed-gender ones on 93 out of 134 tasks evaluated. Male teams were "universally faster “in each tactical movement.”

In terms of "lethality" all-male teams had better accuracy than the mixed-gender teams, and that female marines showed a higher rate of injuries, among other details found by the study.

However, it has also been noted, "many of of the male study participants had previously served in combat units, whereas female participants, by necessity, came directly from infantry schools or from noncombat jobs."

There is no indication in the Marine Corps summary report that the Marines will ask to be exempted from the mandate to fully integrate women into the military by assigning combat roles to them. On the other hand, the report includes a section of a 1992 government study on gender integration in the armed forces:
"A military unit at maximum combat effectiveness is a military unit least likely to suffer casualties. Winning in war is often only a matter of inches, and unnecessary distraction or any dilution of the combat effectiveness puts the mission and lives in jeopardy. Risking the lives of a military unit in combat to provide career opportunities or accommodate the personal desires or interests of an individual, or group of individuals, is more than bad military judgment. It is morally wrong."

The inclusion of this section in its report clearly shows how the US Marines view assigning combat roles to women., the largest diversity job board online, is a career opportunity resource and job search engine for the cultural diversity marketplace. Through, you can post jobs for veterans who can readily fill your diversity and equal employment opportunity requirements. Visit <a href="" target="_blank">DiversityWorking</a> now.

Read the full article at Quartz

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